Deere 450 dozer specs. The John Deere Construction 450D Crawler Excavator, manufactured from 2006 to 2021, weighs 48.16 tons and has a transport length of 12 meters, a transport width of 3.64 meters, and a transport height of 3.6 meters. It has a tear-out force of 254 kN and a dredging depth of 11.17 meters.

John Deere 650G Crawler Tractor. Imperial Metric. Units. Dimensions. Dimensions . A Length W/ Blade. 13.36 ft in. B Width Over Tracks. 7.75 ft in. C Height To Top Of Cab. 9.17 ft in. E Ground Clearance. ... OEM specifications are provided for base units. Actual equipment may vary with options. ...

Deere 450 dozer specs. Bright Star Auctions. Middlebury, Indiana 46540. Phone: +1 574-825-0704. View Details. Email Seller Video Chat. John Deere 450D Dozer, John Deere 450D Crawler dozer to 450DC709103, 6981 hours showing, 7' 6'' x 30'' dozer blade w/ John Deere winch Quantity: 1. Get Shipping Quotes.

Find Caterpillar D3K LGP Crawler Tractor for Sale. ORLANDO, FL. POLOTITLAN, MEX. AUSTRALIA. View updated Caterpillar D3K LGP Crawler Tractor specs. Get dimensions, size, weight, detailed specifications and compare to similar Crawler Tractor models.

UNDERCARRIAGE John Deere Dura-TraxTM features large deep-heat-treated components; pins and bushings are sealed for life; rollers and idlers are permanently sealed and lubricated; ... SPECIFICATIONS 16 97-09 English version 2/25/00 8:55 AM Page 16. UNDERCARRIAGE (continued) 450G 550G 650GJohn Deere's New 326 P-Tier Telescopic Compact Wheel Loader Offers 16-Foot Reach Posted 2/16/2024 John Deere Hosts Annual Reman Day, Cites Environmental Benefits Posted 4/24/2019 John Deere Ranks No. 88 On 2018 Best Global Brands List Posted 12/11/2018

Specs for the John Deere 450D. Find equipment specs and information for this and other Crawler Dozers. Use our comparison tool to find comparable machines for any individual specification.Group 25 -Specifications and Special Tools The specifications and design information contained in this manual were correct at the time it was printed. It is John Deere's policy to continually improve and update our machines. Therefore, the specifications and design infor­ mation are sub~l!ct to change without notice. Litho in U.S.A.Here are a couple home remedies you might want to try to keep deer away from your lawn or garden. Expert Advice On Improving Your Home Videos Latest View All Guides Latest View All...Mar 12, 2024 · Phone: (972) 814-4025. visit our website. View Details. Email Seller Video Chat. Deere 450G dozer, 8’ blade, 6 way blade, 4 speed powershift transmission, 73 hp diesel engine, 16,000lb dozer, pedal steering, 70-80% undercarriage, brush sweeps, side screens, 16” wide tracks, sho...See More Details. Get Shipping Quotes.Slope Control Grade-Management Solution Now Available For John Deere 450K, 550K & 650K Crawler Dozers Posted 4/13/2021 New John Deere 700L & 750L Dozers Feature All-New Operator Station, More Engine Power & More Posted 3/18/2020Height - Top of Cab. 7.1 ft (2 m) Length to Front of Track. 6.4 ft (2 m) Length with Bucket on Ground. 0.4 ft (0 m) Reach at Dump Height. 10.8 ft (3 m) Check here John deere 450c Dozer Specs - JOHN DEERE 450C CRAWLER LOADER Specs.John Deere Bulldozer 450E/6415 Author: John Deere Subject: John Deere Bulldozer 450E/6415 Keywords: john deere dozer, old deere dozer, earth mover, bulldozer, 450E/6415 bulldozer Created Date: 1/26/2000 11:36:48 AM ...Instead of a limited gear selection, the 950C provides an infinitely variable range from 0 to 6.8 mph, giving an operator the freedom to choose the right ground speed for the job. Puts other dozers to shame. The 26-ton, 230-horsepower 950C will make a significant addition to your equipment fleet.Back in December, Swell Energy said it would be raising $450 million to support the development of distributed power projects in three states. Now, with the announcement of a deal ...

450H / 550H / 650H Crawler Dozers Key: Standard equipment Optional or special equipment *See your John Deere dealer for further information. 450 550 650 Engine Electric fuel shutoff, key start switch Oil-to-water engine oil cooler Vertical spin-on oil filter Vertical spin-on primary fuelMaximum Life. 7 ft. 1 in. (2154 mm) 3,050 sq. in. (19 677 cm2) 5.7 psi (39.1 kPa) 6.73 in. (171 mm) John Deere Dura-Trax, deep-heat-treated, pins and bushings sealed for life; rollers and idlers permanently sealed and lubricated. 5 ft. 9 in. (1753 mm) 24 in. (610 mm) sealed and lubricated. 40.Specs for the John Deere 450H. Find equipment specs and information for this and other Crawler Dozers. Use our comparison tool to find comparable machines for any individual specification.John Deere 450E. (Earthmoving Equipment : Loaders) John Deere has beefed up their heavy equipment lineup in a big way, with reliable product support from the design phase all the way through to the rebuild stage making them a powerful option in the production-class category. Honnen Equipment Supports John Deere and also provides sales and service.

The 450 P dozer is host to many improvements made to simplify maintenance and improve uptime, building upon the durability that customers have come to appreciate with their John Deere Dozers. Among others, a significant change is eliminating the need for diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) with the 450's FT4/EU Stage V engine.

Lillo Machinery. Phone: (323) 410-4533. visit our website. View Details. Contact Us. Deere 450 Crawler Loader, Year Unverified, Only 3076 hours, 4 in 1 Bucket, Call Christopher Lillo 310~977~7903. Get Shipping Quotes. Apply for Financing. View Details.

Locations. . . . Find a 2024 John Deere 450 P for sale near you. Browse the most popular John Deere models at the best prices on MachineFinder.The 450 P dozer is host to many improvements made to simplify maintenance and improve uptime, building upon the durability that customers have come to appreciate with their John Deere Dozers. Among others, a significant change is eliminating the need for diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) with the 450’s FT4/EU Stage V engine.Transporting a John Deere 450G Crawler Tractor is a process that involves multiple steps, each requiring careful attention and expertise. First, the John Deere 450G Crawler Tractor is prepared for transport, which may involve disassembling larger components and securing fragile parts.During the loading phase, special equipment like forklifts or cranes may be usedTM10268 - John Deere 700J Crawler Dozer (S.N.from 139436) Diagnostic, Operation & Test Service Manual. TM10269 - John Deere 700J Crawler Dozer (S.N. from 139436) Service Repair Technical Manual ... Specifications. Type of manual: Repair Manual: Models: 450K, 550K, 650K: REVIEWS There are no reviews to this product.We use Shell Donax TD or Deere's Hy Tran oil both are made in the same refinery and from the same process .Use a good power shift oil but dont bother with synthetics as that trany will argue with most synthetic oils for some reason I put synthetic in a 450E and removed it quickly .Works great in my newer H and J series but if unshure of putting the wrong thing in you can't go wrong with Shell ...

Quick view. John Deere 450, 450B, 450C, 450D, 450E Track Adjuster Seal Kit. Part #: 905000 John Deere 450, 450B, 450C, 450D, 450E Crawler Dozers & Loaders Track Adjuster Seal Kit - 5 Roller Track Frame Does not fit cylinders stamped T145145 Qty per... $ 23.35. Add to cart.effort control. And like all John Deere dozers, an extremely smooth, full-featured hydrostatic drivetrain delivers numerous advantages that other 11 800-kg (26,000 lb.) dozers don't. Read on and learn more about the many ways the 700J's best-in-class features help push productivity and uptime to the next level. DKA700J Page 219,599-20,624 lbs (8,890-9,355 kg) Specs for the John Deere 650K. Find equipment specs and information for this and other Crawler Dozers. Use our comparison tool to find comparable machines for ...650 P-Tier. Net Power: 78 kW (104 hp) at 1,900 rpm. Operating Weight: 9600–10 198 kg (21,165–22,484 lb.) Track on Ground: 2 626 mm (103 in.) Download Brochure. Find a Dealer. Download Grade Management Brochure. Features. Features and specifications are based on published information at the time of publication.Click the button below to add the John Deere 9300 backhoe attachment for 350, 450, or 550 to your wish list. Related Products. JOHN DEERE MODEL 49 BACKHOE ATTACHMENT SUBFRAME MOUNT $3,600.00. JOHN DEERE 260 BACKHOE ATTACHMENT ONLY FOR COMPACT TRACTOR $2,400.00.Direct-drivefan on the 450K and. 2. 550K provides efficient cooling, contains noise, and conserves precious fuel. Variable-speed fan on the 650K includes an optional reversing feature that runs only as needed. Exclusive turbo cool-down increases. 3. durability by allowing the engine to idle momentarily prior to shutting down.dk55, jd 450,case 811b,kioti mechron,farmal cub & super c. ... Deere 350C Dozer 50 assorted vehicles from 1905 to 2006. EddieWalker said: Back in the early 90's, coming through the Caldacut Tunnel and just past Orinda, there used to be this massive blacktail buck that I'd see from time to time right along the freeway. He was a monster!!!John Deere 450J LT Operating Specifications. Alternator Supplied Amperage: 65 A. Cooling System Fluid Capacity: 4.3 gal (16 l) Engine Oil Capacity: 3.7 gal (14 l) Final Drives Fluid Capacity: 1.8 gal (7 l)Himes Equipment, LLC. Van Alstyne, Texas 75495. Phone: +1 214-301-7055. visit our website. View Details. Contact Us. • 1999 Deere 450H Dozer • Cab AC • 6 Way Blade • 9,956 Hours • 73 HP • Operating Weight 15,500 lbs. Get Shipping Quotes. Apply for Financing.450K Crawler Dozer (PIN: 1T0450KX_ _F304771— ) Part Description Part Number Qty or capacity Change Interval In Hours John DeerePlus-50™ II Engine Oil1 TY26669 15.1 L (4.0 gal) 500 John Deere Hydrau™ Hydraulic and Hydrostatic System Oil1 TY27367 100.0 L (26.4 gal) 2000 John Deere Hy-Gard™ Winch Oil (if equipped)1 TY6354 8.5 L (2.3 gal) 1000Illustrated Factory Diagnostic, Operation and Test Service Manual for John Deere Crawler Dozers and Loaders Models 450G, 455G, 550G 555G, 650G This manual contains high quality images, diagrams, instructions to help you to operate, maintenance, diagnostic, and repair your truck. This document is printable, without restrictions, contains searchable text, bookmarks, crosslinks for easy navigation.John Deere 650H LGP. 3.9 psi. 90 hp. 19100 lb. Compare. Search and compare thousands of equipment and truck specifications. View detailed equipment specs by model, manufacturer, type and industry.A key focus on John Deere’s L-Series dozers is to advance reliability and improve uptime of our machines. ... 450. 550. 650. 700. 750. 850. 950. Slope Control (optional) X. X. X. X. X. X . SmartGrade (optional) X. X. X. X. X. ... Features and specifications are based on published information at the time of publication.John Deere small dozers host many improvements made to simplify maintenance and improve uptime, building upon the durability that customers have come to appreciate with their John Deere Dozers. ... 450 P dozer with extended life undercarriage using SC-2 coated bushings. ... Specs & Compare: John Deere. 550 P-Tier. Dozer. Export to Excel. 1 2 ...John Deere 3020 tractors built from 1964 to 1968 are two-wheel drive vehicles on 90-inch wheelbases with 3.7-liter four-cylinder gasoline or LP-gas engines or 4.4-liter four-cylind...SPECIFICATIONS-JD450-B LOADER (Specifications and design subject to change without notice. Wherever applicable, specifications are in accordance with IEMC and SAE Standards. Except where otherwise noted, these specifications are based on a unit equipped with 1 Y. cu. yd. (0,93 m3) digging bucket, roll-over protective structure, and standard ...Find a 2023 John Deere 450 P for sale near you. Browse the most popular John Deere models at the best prices on MachineFinder.John Deere 3020 tractors built from 1964 to 1968 are two-wheel drive vehicles on 90-inch wheelbases with 3.7-liter four-cylinder gasoline or LP-gas engines or 4.4-liter four-cylind...

Kato HD1880VII. 286 hp. 95901.1 lb. 2.7 yd3. Compare. View updated John Deere 450 LC Hydraulic Excavator specs. Get dimensions, size, weight, detailed specifications and compare to similar Hydraulic Excavator models.The updated John Deere 1050 P-Tier dozer has a standard 1727 mm (168 in.) semi-u blade to increase capacity and move more material pass after pass. Along with a wider blade, the 1050 P is now configured with a redesigned blade linkage which moves the blade rearward and reduces the overall length of the machine by 432 mm (17 in.), improving balance and …Ritchie Bros. sells more new and used industrial equipment and trucks than any other company in the world. Equipment for sale on rbauction.com Equipment for sale on ironplanet.com Equipment for sale on mascus.com Sell your equipmentFarmersville, Texas 75442. Phone: (972) 814-4025. visit our website. View Details. Email Seller Video Chat. Deere 450G dozer, 8' blade, 6 way blade, 4 speed powershift transmission, 73 hp diesel engine, 16,000lb dozer, pedal steering, 70-80% undercarriage, brush sweeps, side screens, 16" wide tracks, sho...See More Details. Get Shipping Quotes.FUEL FILTER ASSEMBLY [C22] 30 FUEL SYSTEM 450B - BULLDOZER EPC John Deere online CF AR50896 Fuel Line R48008 Elbow Fitting AVS.PARTS. Case CNH EPC; Deere EPC; Contacts; Request list; 0 item Find. Login; Home; John Deere part; John Deere catalog; CATALOG ... 450B - BULLDOZER FUEL FILTER ASSEMBLY [C22] EPC John …John Deere 450E. (Earthmoving Equipment : Loaders) John Deere has beefed up their heavy equipment lineup in a big way, with reliable product support from the design phase all the way through to the rebuild stage making them a powerful option in the production-class category. Honnen Equipment Supports John Deere and also provides sales and service.The Cat ® D3 delivers superior performance and the broadest choice of technology features to help you get the most from your dozer. Nimble and responsive, it has power for dozing and finesse for grading. Fully hydrostatic transmission gives you seamless acceleration, so you can get the job done quickly. The load sensing system automatically optimizes ground speed based on load, for the ...

Bright Star Auctions. Middlebury, Indiana 46540. Phone: (574) 825-0704. View Details. Email Seller Video Chat. John Deere 450-B Crawler Dozer - SN-151613T, Meter reads 6849 hours, 90 hp John Deere engine with only 400 hours on complete rebuild, 16" New tracks/under carriage and sprockets 100 hours ago, 7' ...See More Details. Get Shipping Quotes.John Deere 450 dozer specs, horsepower, dimensions, weights, attachments, technical information, and reviews, and more are all here. E-Machinery.NET. E ... This article talks about the specs of John Deere 450. The article also includes a review of the 450J dozer. Clark C500 Forklift Specs and Review. Bobcat T770 Specs, Lift ...To simplify any after treatment management on the 450 P-Tier small dozer, John Deere eliminated the DEF system. John Deere. Quick Specs. 450 P-Tier. Engine: PowerTech EWX 4045; Net Power: 71 hp;Find John Deere 450D Crawler Tractor for Sale. View updated John Deere 450D Crawler Tractor specs. Get dimensions, size, weight, detailed specifications and compare to similar Crawler Tractor models.1. Standard Shoe Size. 18 in (46 cm) Track Pitch. 12 in (29 cm) Specs for the John Deere 450E/6415. Find equipment specs and information for this and other Crawler Dozers. Use our comparison tool ...Collisions with deer have been on the rise nationwide, up more than 20 percent over the last five years. According to the Insurance Information Institute, a non-profit industry tra...Back in December, Swell Energy said it would be raising $450 million to support the development of distributed power projects in three states. Now, with the announcement of a deal ...Bulldozers/Crawler Dozers. We hear you loud and clear. When customers sound off, we listen. Power turns. Counter-rotating tracks. Power management. Infinitely variable travel speeds. John Deere has been introducing productivity-boosting advantages on our crawler dozers for decades. We make it our business to know your business.Find a 2019 John Deere 450K for sale near you. Browse the most popular John Deere models at the best prices on MachineFinder. ... SPECIFICATIONS & DETAILS. Stock: LU358409. Serial: 1T0450KXAKF358409. Extended Warranty July 15, 2025, JD PT & HYD Warranty through 07-15-2025 or 5,000 Hours. Categorized Under: Crawler Dozers. Specifications. Cab w ...Slope Control Grade-Management Solution Now Available For John Deere 450K, 550K & 650K Crawler Dozers Posted 4/13/2021 New John Deere 700L & 750L Dozers Feature All-New Operator Station, More Engine Power & More Posted 3/18/2020John Deere 450J LGP Crawler Tractor Specs & Dimensions :: RitchieSpecs. Home. Crawler Tractor. John Deere. 450J LGP. John Deere 450J LGP Crawler Tractor. Imperial. Metric. …Forestry Resource LLC. Columbus, Ohio 43235. Phone: (740) 541-4405. View Details. Email Seller Video Chat. John Deere 450G, enclosed cab, 6 way blade, very good undercarriage with 30 inch wide LGP pads, rear drawbar, power shift transmission, 4045T Diesel engine. Hour meter shows 8665 hrs.(specifications and design subject to change without notice.) ... 6405 dozer d - 6410 dozer e - 6415 dozer j - drawbar tractor 3. digits 6 through 11 designate the tractor serial number shown in the serial number column of this catalog. 4. digits 12 and 13 designate the t - john deere dubuque works manufacturer of the tractor. serial number ...Hennessey Implement. Dodgeville, Wisconsin 53533. Phone: +1 608-935-3326. View Details. Email Seller Video Chat. JOHN DEERE 450E CRAWLER/DOZER, 90" BLADE W/ HYDRAULIC SING & TILT, GOOD 18" TRACKS, 4-POST ROPS W/ CANOPY, REAR HITCH, STRAIGHT CLEAN UNIT Quantity: 1. Get Shipping Quotes. Apply for …John Deere Bulldozer: John Deere 450G Engine: John Deere 4.5L 4-cyl diesel: Fuel tank: 41 gal 155.2 L: Engine details ... John Deere 450G Transmission: 4-speed power shift: ... Utility Equipment Purchasing Guide published in 1988, by John Deere: Utility/Construction Purchasing Guide published in 1995, by John Deere: Page information:John Deere 650H LGP. 3.9 psi. 90 hp. 19100 lb. Compare. Search and compare thousands of equipment and truck specifications. View detailed equipment specs by model, manufacturer, type and industry.John Deere 450B. 65 hp. 14500 lb. Compare. View updated John Deere 450G LPG Crawler Tractor specs. Get dimensions, size, weight, detailed specifications and compare to similar Crawler Tractor models.87.1 lpm. Dimensions & Tracks. Weight. 14500 lbs. 6577 kg. 16-inch tracks. Full dimensions and tracks ... John Deere 450G attachments. blade.

Renowned John Deere and dealer support, parts availability, and warranty help keep your equipment up and running. ... Select up to 4 models to compare specifications: John Deere. 444 G-Tier. Mid-Size Wheel Loader. Export to Excel. 1 2. DRIVELINE. Engine Manufacturer: John Deere: Engine Model: PowerTech E 4045H: Displacement, ltr (Inches³)

The John Deere 2010C is a 2WD crawler / dozer manufactured by John Deere in Dubuque, Iowa, USA from 1960 to 1965. The John Deere 2010C is equipped with one of two engines: a 2.4 L (144.5 cu·in) four-cylinder gasoline / LP-gas engine or a 2.7 L (165.1 cu·in) four-cylinder diesel engine and a transmission with 8 forward and 4 reverse gears.

450H / 550H / 650H Crawler Dozers Key: Standard equipment Optional or special equipment *See your John Deere dealer for further information. 450 550 650 Engine Electric fuel shutoff, key start switch Oil-to-water engine oil cooler Vertical spin-on oil filter Vertical spin-on primary fuelAll Track Adjusters on this Page. Plug, Will Not Fit OEM Track Adjusters. 0. 217-532. $14.00. View Info. Upgrade your John Deere 450 and 550 dozers with premium track adjuster parts and top-quality recoil springs for enhanced performance and durability. Shop now!Oct 7, 2022 · Rear RPM. 1000. Dimensions & Tracks. Weight. 10590 lbs. 4803 kg. 14-inch tracks. Full dimensions and tracks ... John Deere 450 attachments.VeriTread can give you an accurate estimate to ship a John Deere 450E Crawler Tractor. Just enter a pick up and drop off City and State to generate your transport price. John Deere 450E. A. Length 9 ft 2 in. B. Width 8 ft 6 in. C. Height 9 ft 0 in. D. Attachment 9 ft 0 in. E. Angled Att. 0 ft 0 in. Weight 15000 lbs.When you order your dozer with electrohydraulic (EH) controls, it’s grade-control ready, giving you the ability to add the grade-control system of your choice. Optional Slope Control provides in-depth factory integration and is supported by your John Deere dealer.SPECIFICATIONS Engine 850L XLT / 850L WLT / 850L LGP Blade Type Power-Angle-Tilt (PAT) / Outside Dozer (OSD) Manufacturer and Model John Deere PowerTech™ PSS 6090 Non-Road Emission Standard EPA Final Tier 4/EU Stage IV Displacement 9.0L (549 cu. in.) SAE Net Rated Power 168 kW (225 hp) at 1,700 rpm Net Peak Torque 1126 Nm (831 ft.-lb.) at ...John Deere 650G Crawler Tractor. Imperial Metric. Units. Dimensions. Dimensions . A Length W/ Blade. 13.36 ft in. B Width Over Tracks. 7.75 ft in. C Height To Top Of Cab. 9.17 ft in. E Ground Clearance. ... OEM specifications are provided for base units. Actual equipment may vary with options. ...The John Deere 450C is an industrial crawler manufactured by John Deere in Dubuque, Iowa, USA from 1973 to 1982. The John Deere 450C is equipped with a 3.6 L (219.0 cu·in) four-cylinder diesel engine and a partial power shift transmission with 8 forward and 4 reverse gears and dry disc clutch.

how much does a full 5 gallon water jug weighfoy trent dog show resultspluto trine ascendantsporty truck crossword clue Deere 450 dozer specs remote surgical scheduler jobs [email protected] & Mobile Support 1-888-750-5365 Domestic Sales 1-800-221-5252 International Sales 1-800-241-7788 Packages 1-800-800-9265 Representatives 1-800-323-5387 Assistance 1-404-209-3406. Price: US$ 25.00. Complete Operator 's Manuals for John Deere 450H, 550H, 650H Crawler Dozer. with technical information to maintain, and operate the dozer. OMT182515 - John Deere 450H, 550H, 650H Crawler Dozer Operator's Manual.pdf. Total Pages: 201 pages. File Format: PDF (bookmarked, ToC, Searchable, Printable, high quality) Language: English.. department of motor vehicles south plainfield nj Quality Aftermarket Replacement Pins, Bushings, & Blade Parts for John Deere 450, 450B, 450C, 450D, 450E Crawler Dozers with 6405 Blade Made In America All Pins & Bushings made from 4140 steel and heat treated to 65 Rockwell hardness for longer wear. ... John Deere 450, 450B, 450C, 450D, 450E Dozer Pin Pivot Kit Bushing Only - 9. Made In ...John Deere 450C. Net Power 65 hp. Operating Weight 16700 lb. John Deere 455D. Net Power 67 hp. Operating Weight 17150 lb. Caterpillar 931 LGP. Net Power 62 hp. Operating Weight 17141 lb. Compare. Find John Deere 450B Crawler Loader for Sale . ... OEM specifications are provided for base units. 3cm dilated 75 effacedgamestop orange tx Locations. . . . Find a 2024 John Deere 450 P for sale near you. Browse the most popular John Deere models at the best prices on MachineFinder. excellence gamefowl productsjune 2021 algebra 1 regents New Customers Can Take an Extra 30% off. There are a wide variety of options. Komatsu PC300 Specs, Weight, Oil Capacity and Review. John Deere 450 dozer offers exceptional power and performance that you can count on time after time. No matter the size or scope of your job, the 450 John Deere dozer will always deliver. Thanks to the powerful and dependable JD 450 dozer, you’ll get more done every day.John Deere Bulldozer 350B Author: John Deere Subject: John Deere Bulldozer 350B Keywords: john deere dozer, old deere dozer, earth mover, bulldozer, 350B bulldozer Created Date: 4/27/2005 2:42:28 PM ...A key focus on John Deere’s L-Series dozers is to advance reliability and improve uptime of our machines. ... 450. 550. 650. 700. 750. 850. 950. Slope Control (optional) X. X. X. X. X. X . SmartGrade (optional) X. X. X. X. X. ... Features and specifications are based on published information at the time of publication.